Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier also often called the Scottie or the Highland or Aberdeen Terrier is well known for its typical terrier personality. There are four other Scottish Terrier breeds. Skye Cairn Dandie Dinmont West Highland White Terriers The Scottie is often given the nickname of “little diehard”. Originally coined in the 19th century by George, the fourth Earl of Dumbarton.[1] George IV had a pack of Scottish Terriers, reputedly so brave that they were nicknamed “Diehards” and were the inspiration for the name of his Regiment, The Royal Scots, “Dumbarton’s Diehards”.[1] As always it is difficult to know the real origins of the Scottish Terrier, but it was breed for clearing small rodents in Scotland for centuries. It may be the oldest of the five Scottish Terrier breeds and there are some references back to the 16th Century. The origin of the name “terrier” is the Latin terra meaning “earth”. The Scottie was a hunter where these short legged, sturdy dogs were designed and built for the purpose of rooting small pest animals such as badgers, foxes and rats out of their burrows. Scottish Terriers appearance is characterised by long fur, heavy eyebrows and whiskers. The wiry coat exists in many colors, including black, wheaten or brindle of any shade. Scotties with ‘Wheaten’ (straw to nearly white) coats sometimes occur, but should not be confused with the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier or West Highland White Terrier. The Scotties coat is hard, wiry, long, with a weather-resistant outer coat and a soft dense under coat. They are sturdy, with a muscular body and a long neck. A Scottish Terrier has a long head in proportion to its body which averages about 10 or 11 inches high. The Scottie has erect ears and tail. They were bred with strong tails so that their owners could pull them out of holes when they were stuck after digging after vermin and voles. He has small, bright almond-shaped and dark eyes. The Scotties personality is one of independence and spirit. Often people say a Scottie thinks he is an Irish Wolfhound in height! To the point that he is quite fearless that sometimes appears foolish in the face of a larger dog, when he realises that he is less than a foot in height. Height at withers for both sexes should be roughly 25 cm (9.8 in), and the length of back from withers to tail is roughly 28 cm (11 in). Generally a well-balanced Scottie dog should weigh from 8.5–10 kg (19–22 lb) and a female from 8–9.9 kg (18–22 lb). It is about 11–15 inches (28–38 cm) in height.[4] Scottish Terries are very alert, playful and confident. Scotties typically live from 11 and 13 years. Scotties, whilst being very loving, can also be particularly stubborn. Because of this stubborness, it needs firm, but gentle handling from a puppy or it will dominate the home. The Scottish Terrier makes a great watchdog because it generally only barks when necessary and generally only for strangers. Dog socialisation is important as it is a fearless breed that may be aggressive around other dogs unless trained and introduced to other dogs at an early age. Because the Scottish Terriers were bred to hunt and fight badgers and other pests they are prone to dig as well as chase small vermin, such as Squirrels, rats, and mice. For this reason it is recommended that they are generally walked on a leash. Whilst Scottish Terriers are generally a robust breed they do have a greater chance of developing some cancers than other purebreds. Research has identified six cancers that they are more likely to be at risk of (when compared to other breeds) are: (in descending order) bladder cancer and other transitional cell carcinomas of the lower urinary tract (more usual in older dogs and more common in females so keep an eye on blood in the urine, straining to urinate and frequent urination – and get veterinary assistance); malignant melanoma; gastric carcinoma; squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; lymphosarcoma and nasal carcinoma. To help prevent cancer in any dog, ensure that your dog has minimal exposure to herbicides, pesticides, solvents and cigarette smoke; use caution when treating dogs with some flea medications; provide a healthy, vitamin-rich diet (low in carbohydrates, high in vegetables) and plenty of exercise. Two other genetic health concerns in the Scottie breed are von Willebrand disease (vWD) which shows in varying degrees of bleeding tendency, usually in the form of easy bruising, nosebleeds and bleeding gums. The second is craniomandibular osteopathy (CMO); sometimes known as lion’s jaw, that causes extensive bony changes in the mandible and skull. Normally occuring between the ages of 3 and 8 months. The lesions stop growing after a year, and can regress. The firm swelling of the jaw, drooling, pain, and difficulty in eating. This is also an inherited disease and if extensive, could be difficult for the dog. Because of these inherited diseases it is highly recommended to buy direct from a breeder, who can show he has not had a problem with these diseases. Famous Scotties include Roosevelts – Fala and former President George W. Bushs’ Barney. Infact the Scottie is the only breed of dog that has lived in the White House more than three times. Other famous people who are known to have owned Scotties include: Humphrey Bogart; Bette Davis; Julie Andrews; Liza Minnelli; E.B. White; Queen Victoria; Ronald Reagan; Theodore Roosevelt; Dorothy Lamour; Eva Braun; Shirley Temple; Tatum O’Neal owned a Scottish Terrier. She was said to be so saddened by her dog’s death to cancer and old age that she relapsed into drugs. David Cook and Ron White among others. The Scottie is also a player token in the board game, Monopoly. A Scottish Terrier and a West Highland White Terrier are featured on the Black & White whisky label. In Enid Blyton’s Mystery Series books, there is Buster a Scottish Terrier, who is often part of the mysteries. Good EVERYTHING VERY GOOD!! THANKS.- Mr V.P of Highgate


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